By 13th March, 2014 Excursii in Delta Dunarii Comments Off

“If you put an ordinary scientist in front of a painting

The surprising secrets of busting art forgeries

canada goose clearance sale In a discreet laboratory south of the River Thames, Nicholas Eastaugh and Jilleen Nadolny are trying to find out who might have created a 16th Century mystery painting. Scholars have canada goose outlet 80 off failed to agree on a plausible artist for the canada goose outlet michigan work, canada goose outlet nyc which was produced in Florence. So Eastaugh and Nadolny, two art investigators trying to bridge the gap between traditional canada goose jacket outlet uk scholarship and cutting edge science, went for a less conventional approach. canada goose clearance sale

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cheap Canada Goose “We created a social network a Facebook canada goose outlet real of the early 16th Century,” says Eastaugh. “We were trying to see who was connected to who. For canada goose outlet hong kong example, people were connected through the workshops where they trained, which influenced their choice of pigments and how they were used.” cheap Canada Goose

Big data large data sets that can be analysed to reveal canada goose outlet authentic patterns, canada goose sale uk links and trends has transformed how we canada goose outlet trillium parka black work, shop and canada goose outlet in chicago socialise. Eastaugh believes it can also change the way we look at art. In the case of the mystery painting, the Renaissance helped him and his colleagues identify potential candidates they had not considered before, though he does canada goose outlet niagara falls not want to give specific names to protect client confidentiality. (Nadolny and Eastaugh work with clients across the art world’s spectrum, from auction houses and museums to private owners).

View image of Renaissance paintings (Credit: Credit: Brian Harris/Alamy Stock Photo)

canada goose deals A trained physicist, conservator and art historian, Eastaugh gained global canada goose coats uk fame for his role in unmasking a 16 million euro ( million) forgery scandal in Germany canada goose outlet ottawa in 2010. His company Art Analysis Research investigates around 200 paintings a year. But his deeper interest is in bringing a scientific, transparent approach to the art world a world notorious for inside deals and the snap judgements of all powerful connoisseurs.”I’m a physicist. I like models,” says Eastaugh, who delights in pointing out the art scene’s hidden patterns. During our interview, he draws a series canada goose outlet in vancouver of peaks and troughs in the air to illustrate one of his recent discoveries: data analysis shows that high points in Europe’s creative output, such as the Renaissance and the Dutch Golden Age, have canada goose outlet 2015 tended to occur in startlingly regular 130 year intervals. canada goose deals

canada goose coats Eastaugh and Nadolny’s data often comes in unusual canada goose outlet official forms. Tucked inside an unassuming set of drawers in their lab is one of Europe’s largest provenance pigment collections, gathered to help establish where a painting might have come from. Some 3,000 vials contain jewel toned powders from every chapter of art history: white, yellow canada goose outlet kokemuksia and blue from Pompeii, canada goose outlet los angeles ancient Chinese “Han Blue”, Japanese glass pigments in a range of colours, a special white from Papua New Guinea. The investigators pore over old paint formulas, visit chemistry departments and collaborate with colleagues all over the world to build up a better understanding canada goose jacket outlet store of how artists worked. canada goose coats

buy canada goose jacket cheap View image of One way to date a painting is by testing its paint pigments (Credit: Credit: Stockbackground/Alamy Stock Photo) buy canada goose jacket cheap

This in turn can directly link to present day authentication efforts. Red pigment, for example, used to be so expensive that artists would boil cast off garments to extract and recycle the red dye. As a result, bits of fibre can still be found in paintings by certain artists, including Titian. It is this complex web of information, rather than a single test, that leads to a final decision.

“It’s the data in context that allows you to see the larger picture,” says Nadolny, who like Eastaugh is a trained conservator. “If you put an ordinary scientist in front of a painting, it’s a disaster.”

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canada goose coats on sale In fact, art historians and scientists do not always see eye to eye. Thomas Hoving, the late director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, once wrote that canada goose outlet london uk the Met scientific tests were frequently at odds with non scientific art expertise what is known in the art world as connoisseurship and that connoisseurship was usually the winner. canada goose coats on sale

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In 2010, Wolfgang Beltracchi was arrested and ultimately found to have forged at least 16 million euros ( canada goose outlet million) worth of avant garde paintings over the space of 25 years. The goose outlet canada case remains one of the biggest forgery scandals in recent history. For decades, museums and auction houses failed to spot the fakes.

canada goose One Beltracchi forgery, sold as Red Painting with Horses by the German expressionist Heinrich Campendonk, fetched 2.4 million euros ( million) at auction in 2006 a record price for a Campendonk, and one of the highest prices ever achieved on the German art market. canada goose

canada goose store View image of Wolfgang Beltracchi forgery of Heinrich Campendonk Red Painting with Horses (Credit: Credit: dpa picture alliance/Alamy Stock Photo) canada goose store

Canada Goose Jackets Eastaugh analysed the painting in 2008 and discovered that it contained titanium dioxide white. The pigment was not widely available in the 1910s, when the painting had allegedly been created. In fact, Eastaugh’s extensive pigment research led him to conclude that titanium white would not have been widely used by artists until the 1940s. canada goose outlet montreal He has since analysed at least eight more Beltracchis, and has grown to recognise canada goose outlet miami the forger’s style. “We’re joined at the canada goose outlet in montreal hip now,” he says with a smile. Canada Goose Jackets

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Britain accounts for 65% of the European Union art and antiques market, according to the British Art Market Federation. In 2014, total sales hit billion. Given the market size and global importance and the sophistication of anti forgery techniques, it may be surprising that forgers in Britain can still be successful. She says there is often simply not the budget to order an array of tests, from pigment analysis to X rays, that would ensure the authenticity of each painting and clients might not see the need for it, anyway, unless they already have doubts. Each individual pigment costs from to to be tested.

canadian goose jacket We don’t have a machine where you feed the painting in and it canada goose outlet near me says afternoon in 1802 Clare Finn canadian goose jacket

Canada Goose Outlet “It’s a bit like going to the doctor: you don’t have blood tests for everything,” Finn tells me in a South Kensington studio filled with the fumes from a freshly varnished Old Master. Until canada goose shop uk then, Eastaugh is encouraging the public to question every signature and every museum label. At the end of my canada goose stockists uk visit to his canada goose outlet new york laboratory, I ask him why it ultimately matters whether a painting is real or fake. After all, Beltracchi’s forgeries remained popular with the public even after they were revealed. Canada Goose Outlet

Canada Goose online “It’s our cultural heritage,” Eastaugh says after a pause. “There is this idea that you go to a museum and look at nice paintings. For us, it’s so much more. It connects us directly to other times, places and particular artists. Each painting can open up huge vistas into our collective past.” Canada Goose online

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